Wed, 02 Dec 2020

South China Sea Dispute: What Is Role of Australia?

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20 Nov 2020, 18:24 GMT+10

Are people informed about the situation going on in the South China Sea and the dispute between the two? China has critical economic advantages it could deploy toward Australia, especially in stock trade, tourism, and the greater education area.

Over the past few years, Australia has shown interest in China Sea island-building, the militarization of property characteristics, and extreme maritime rights in the South China Sea. Australia gives similar views like any other country like the United States in sustaining the maritime rules-based system. Yet, there are significant differences that show differing views on the geostrategic conflict in the Indo-Pacific. So, let's see what the main role or take of Australia is in the South China Sea!

What is the South China Sea dispute?

It is a conflict over area and sovereignty across ocean regions, and the Paracel's and the Spratlys - a pair of island connections maintained in full or in part by various nations; besides the full-fledged sanctuaries, several rocky areas, sandbanks, atolls, and reefs, similar to the Scarborough Shoal. Even though mostly deserted, the Paracels and the Spratlys might have reserves of essential resources throughout it. It is estimated that they are extrapolated mainly from the mineral resources of neighboring regions. The sea is a significant shipping track and place to fishing areas that provide the means of people beyond the country.

What is Australia's position in the South China Sea?

Australia's answer to the United Nations Convention, presented sometime around in which Australia denies China's right to 'historic powers' or 'maritime claims and interests' set in the 'long progression of historical work' in the South China Sea.

Australia on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) has stated that it was neutral concerning marine conflicts in the South China Sea. As declared before, there is no statutory authority for China to represent straight baselines joining the outside of maritime peculiarities or 'island associations' in the South China Sea." Critics say the announcement indicates a moving shift in place for Australia, where it has earlier made all candidates to settle their conflicts in accordance with global law.

The development concerns among failing connections within Australia and China over many issues, based on an Australian call for global research into the causes of Covid, as first issued in China.

What are the Australian interests related to the South China Sea?

There are many ways by which Australia has concerns that are related to the South China Sea. Let's check out what all:

  1. In the 2016 Defence, White Paper remarked that growing dominance and non-state participants are claiming rules in the seas in actions that threaten positional stability and are probably contrary to Australia's security and expansion.
  2. Australia shows an interest in saving Freedom of Navigation (FON) for trade transportation. It is expected that almost two-thirds of Australian commodities cross via the South China Sea, although this number has been questioned. Australia's business that goes by the SCS is getting to and from China, which can be seen as an interest to prevent some dispute, and China also stops such trade that can't be neglected.

China has important economic advantages it could extend against Australia, especially in trade, tourism. But, given Australia's regions, it has a long-term investment in assuring that FON is declared, primarily through fundamental chokepoints like the channels of Sunda, Lombok, and Malacca.

  1. Australian declaratory strategy highlights the obligation to keep the global 'rules-based system.' This expression works as a substitute for maintaining U.S. power in the country; at the same time, the decay of maritime order in the South China Sea advances the legitimacy of the UNCLOS administration. Bracing UNCLOS is essential as it gives Australia fair entitlements. It requires an Exclusive Economic Zone of above ten million square km, the third most populous. Because of this interest, Australia intercepts prohibited fishing threats to increase tact and rule over the next twenty times in its EEZ, especially in the comparatively rich Southern Ocean.

It has also been seen that Australia also has an advantage in the marine laws defending its Antarctic rights and of the Australian Antarctic Territory. In either way, Australia doesn't need to comprehend its maritime entitlements in Antarctica endangered by increasing pressures that dispute the legitimacy of UNCLOS.

Protecting the Marine Rules-Based Regulation

Australia has involved several plans to keep the maritime rules-related position in the South China Sea. Many Australian administrators responded to the 2016 arbitral tribunal judgment that revoked China's nine-dash line and maintained historical claims in the SCS by urging China to dwell by the managing and the 'rules-based arrangement.'

Australia's questionable activities in the Timor Sea conflict with Timor-Leste were also subjected to Beijing's interests that Canberra was unreliable. In establishing the 'rules-based order,' Australia finally complied on several legal cases to determine its marine border stalemate with Timor-Leste.

In Australia, reciprocal and multilateral discretion, Australia has highlighted the necessity for more comprehensive assistance in South China Sea conflicts. It has shown the assistance of ASEAN states and China in transmitting a Code of Conduct. It has practised multilateral discussions to request out objections to foreign law in the SCS and repeatedly asserts its dedication to operating with 'like-minded nations' to support the rules-based order.

Bottom Line

Handling tough decisions in its relations with China and Australia and the possibility of a divided ASEAN, Australia is expected to pursue mutual actions to improve its marine security concerns. In the Australian assignment help, the students can learn about the involvement that enhanced 'mini-lateral' interaction with other non-claimant countries like India, Singapore, Japan, and Indonesia, where they encounter reservations about China's intentions and also the actions. Australia may allow extended invitations to review its plan to its marine border concerns with East Timor. In the meantime, the prospect of opposition remains to grow.

About the author: Koby, an avid blogger, has written this content piece. He is currently associated with the service provider, Online Assignment Expert, where he provides assignment help to students.

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